People that are skilled in making glass pipes by hand by blending colored glass with clear glass or by basket weaving strands of colored glass together. Hot glass can also be pressed into the powdered and colored glass.The powdered glass layer is then blended into the hot glass. This process is done over and over again, which adds progressive layers of shading to the piece. After the next piece is tempered, designs can then be etched into the piece showing the different layers of color by using a sandblaster. The name of this glass is Graal. Sometimes, the smashed, hued glass is blended into the liquid glass to suspend little specks of shading on the interior of the completed piece. This process is called fritting. Now we are going to talk about the history of glassblowing pipes.
Even though people started showing interest in glass blowing in Mesopotamia in the year of 2500 B.C., it is believed that glass blowing was first used by the Romans around 50 B.C. at the height of the Roman Empire. The first pieces that they made were adorned with amulets or beads. Around 400 B.C., Democritus, who is known as the father of modern science, used glass blowing to make early magnifying glasses. Alembic and volumetric blown glass were used as scientific equipment in early alchemy or chemistry experimentation or studies. In the twelfth century, glass blowing became known in Italy.
It was not until the twelfth century that glass blowing became popular in Italy. It was a field that people made a lot of money in. However, people that blew glass for a living had to hide on the island of Murano to keep their methods of glass blowing private. Murano glass designs and products are the most coveted handcrafted glass products today. The making of clear Italian glass was not only the glass blowing methods to be kept absolutely confidential. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Leeuwenhoek, that is known as the founder of microbiology created the methods to make microscope lenses which made it possible for him to be the first to see small parts of the human body like bacteria and muscle fibers. The sciences of medicine and physics have both depended on glass blowing.
Medicine and physics have depended on the skills of glass blowers to make glass apparatuses for experimentation. In 1934, Alexis Carrel and Charles Lindbergh invented the perfusion pump that was made by glass blown Pyrex. The invention of the perfusion pump allowed organs to be kept alive outside of the human body by pumping oxygenated blood through various tubes within the pump and back into the organ. It was featured in Time magazine in 1938 as a major medical breakthrough and this would have never happened without blown glass. Modern technology has changed the way glass is blown. Instead of using limestone in early Rome, modern glass blowers used pyrex and quartz to make products and instruments used in experiments due to the fact that they will not break as easily as limestone does. Knowing who invented glass blowing is an important part of its history.